HUNGARIAN Facts & Figures

Size: 35,919 square miles

Population: 9,719,932

Capital:  Budapest

Currency: Forint

Weather / Climate:

Hungary lies between latitudes 45° and 49° N, and longitudes 16° and 23° E.

Slightly more than one half of Hungary's landscape consists of flat to rolling plains of the Pannonian Basin: the most important plain regions include the Little Hungarian Plain in the west, and the Great Hungarian Plain in the southeast. The highest elevation above sea level on the latter is only 183 metres (600 ft).

Transdanubia is a primarily hilly region with a terrain varied by low mountains. These include the very eastern stretch of the Alps, Alpokalja, in the west of the country, the Transdanubian Mountains, in the central region of Transdanubia, and the Mecsek Mountains and Villány Mountains in the south. The highest point of the area is the Írott-k? in the Alps, at 882 metres (2,894 ft).

The highest mountains of the country are located in the Carpathians: these lie in the North Hungarian Mountains, in a wide band along the Slovakian border (highest point: the Kékes at 1,014 m/3,327 ft).

Hungaryis divided in two by its main waterway, the Danube (Duna); other large rivers include the Tisza and Dráva, while Transdanubia contains Lake Balaton, a major body of water. The largest thermal lake in the world, Lake Hévíz (Hévíz Spa), is located in Hungary. The second largest lake in the Carpathian Basin is the artificial Lake Tisza (Tisza-tó).

Phytogeographically, Hungary belongs to the Central European province of the Circumboreal Region within the Boreal Kingdom. According to the WWF, the territory of Hungary belongs to the ecoregion of Pannonian mixed forests.

Hungaryhas 10 national parks, 145 minor nature reserves and 35 landscape protection areas.

Climate

Hungaryhas a continental climate,[78] with hot summers with low overall humidity levels but frequent rainshowers and mildly cold snowy winters. Average annual temperature is 9.7 °C (49.5 °F). Temperature extremes are about 41.9 °C (107.4 °F) on 20 Jul 2007 at Kiskunhalas in the summer and −35 °C (−31.0 °F) on 16 Feb 1940 Miskolc-Görömbölytapolca in the winter. Average high temperature in the summer is 23 °C (73.4 °F) to 28 °C (82 °F) and average low temperature in the winter it is −3 °C (27 °F) to −7 °C (19 °F). The average yearly rainfall is approximately 600 mm (23.6 in). A small, southern region of the country near Pécs enjoys a reputation for a Mediterranean climate, but in reality it is only slightly warmer than the rest of the country and still receives snow during the winter.

Hungary is ranked sixth in an environmental protection index by GW/CAN.[79]

Taken from wikipedia

HUNGARIAN languages

Uralic languages

Hungarian: The only official language of the country, unrelated to any of the neighbouring languages. It is the mother tongue of some 93.6% of the total population. Hungarian is also widely understood among the remaining percent.

Indo-European languages

German: spoken by the German minority, especially in and around Mecsek Mountains, but also in other parts of the country. (Historically, the Swabian German dialect was spoken in Hungary.)

Slovak: spoken by the Slovak minority, especially in the North Hungarian Mountains and around Békéscsaba.

Serbian: spoken by the Serbian minority, especially in and around Bácska, but also on other territories of Southern Hungary.

Slovene: spoken by the Slovene minority, especially around the Slovenian border, Western Hungary.

Croatian: spoken by the Croatian minority, especially in Southern Hungary.

Romanian: spoken by the Romanian minority, especially in and around Gyula, Eastern Hungary.

Romani: spoken by some members of the Roma minority throughout the country.

Taken from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_Hungary

HUNGARIAN culture

The culture of Hungary has a distinctive style of its own in Hungary, diverse and varied, starting from the capital city of Budapest on the Danube, to the Great Plains bordering Ukraine. Hungary was formerly (until 1920) one half of Austria-Hungary. Hungary has a rich folk tradition, for example: embroideries, decorated pottery, buildings and carvings. Hungarian music ranges from the rhapsodies of Franz Liszt to folk music and composed folk music influenced songs and Roma music. Hungary has a rich and colorful literature, with many poets and writers, although not many are well known abroad due to the limited prevalence of the Hungarian language being a Uralic language. Some noted authors include Sándor Márai and Imre Kertész, who have been gaining acclaim in recent decades. János Kodolányi was more known in the middle of the 20th century in Italy and Finland. Imre Kertész won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2002. Péter Esterházy is known and popular in Austria and Germany, and Magda Szabó has become well known in Europe recently as well.

Architecture

Hungary is home to the largest synagogue in Europe (Great Synagogue), the largest medicinal bath in Europe (Széchenyi Medicinal Bath), the third largest church in Europe (Esztergom Basilica), the second largest territorial abbey in the world (Pannonhalma Archabbey), the second largest Baroque castle in the world (Gödöll?), and the largest Early Christian Necropolis outside Italy (Pécs).

The biggest cathedrals and most important Hungarian historical architecture located in the surrounding countries.

Music

The music of Hungary consists mainly of traditional Hungarian folk music and music by prominent composers such as LisztFranz SchmidtDohnányiBartókKodály, and Rózsa. Hungarian traditional music tends to have a strong dactylic rhythm, as the language is invariably stressed on the first syllable of each word. Hungary also has a number of internationally renowned composers of contemporary classical music, György LigetiGyörgy KurtágPéter Eötvös and Zoltán Jeney among them.

Hungary has made many contributions to the fields of folkpopular, and classical music. Hungarian folk music is a prominent part of the national identity and continues to play a major part in Hungarian music. Hungarian folk music has been influential in neighboring areas such as RomaniaSlovakia, southern Poland, and especially in southern Slovakia and the Romanian region of Transylvania, both home to significant numbers of Hungarians.

Broughton claims that Hungary's "infectious sound has been surprisingly influential on neighbouring countries (thanks perhaps to the common Austro-Hungarian history) and it's not uncommon to hear Hungarian-sounding tunes in Romania, Slovakia and southern Poland".</ref>[1] It is also strong in the Szabolcs-Szatmár area, and in the southwest part ofTransdanubia, near the border with Croatia. The Busójárás carnival in Mohács is a major Hungarian folk music event, formerly featuring the long-established and well-regarded Bogyiszló orchestra.[2]

Hungarian classical music has long been an "experiment, made from Hungarian antedecents and on Hungarian soil, to create a conscious musical culture [using the] musical world of the folk song".[3] Although the Hungarian upper class has long had cultural and political connections with the rest of Europe, leading to an influx of European musical ideas, the rural peasants maintained their own traditions such that by the end of the 19th century Hungarian composers could draw on rural peasant music to (re)create a Hungarian classical style.[4] For example, Béla Bartók and Zoltán Kodály, two of Hungary's most famous composers, are known for using folk themes in their music. Bartók collected folk songs from across Eastern Europe, including Romania and Slovakia, whilst Kodály was more interested in creating a distinctively Hungarian musical style.

During the era of Communist rule in Hungary (1944–1989) a Song Committee scoured and censored popular music for traces of subversion and ideological impurity. Since then, however, the Hungarian music industry has begun to recover, producing successful performers in the fields of jazz such as trumpeterRudolf Tomsits, pianist-composer Károly Binder, and in a modernized form of Hungarian folk, Ferenc Seb? and Márta Sebestyén. The three giants of Hungarian rockIllésMetró, and Omega, remain very popular, especially Omega, which has followings in Germany and beyond as well as in Hungary. Older veteran underground bands such as Beatrice from the 1980s also remain popular.

Literature

The oldest survivng Hungarian (and Uralic) poem, Old Hungarian Laments of Mary

In the earliest times, Hungarian language was written in a runic-like script (although it was not used for literature purposes in the modern interpretation). The country switched to the Latin alphabet after being Christianized under the reign of Stephen I of Hungary (1000–1038). There are no existing documents from the pre-11th century era.
The oldest written record in Hungarian is a fragment in the founding document of the Abbey of Tihany (1055) which contains several Hungarian terms, among them the words feheruuaru rea meneh hodu utu rea, "up the military road toFehérvár" The rest of the document was written in Latin.
The oldest complete text is the Funeral Sermon and Prayer (Halotti beszéd és könyörgés) (1192–1195), a translation of a Latin sermon.
The oldest poem is the Old Hungarian Laments of Mary (Ómagyar Mária-siralom), also a (not very strict) translation from Latin, from the 13th century. It is also the oldest surviving Uralic poem.
Among the first chronicles about Hungarian history were Gesta Hungarorum ("Deeds of the Hungarians") by the unknown author usually called Anonymus, and Gesta Hunnorum et Hungarorum ("Deeds of the Huns and the Hungarians") by Simon Kézai. Both are in Latin. These chronicles mix history with legends, so historically they are not always authentic. Another chronicle is the Képes krónika (Illustrated Chronicle), which was written for Louis the Great.

Renaissance literature flourished under the reign of King Matthias (1458–1490). Janus Pannonius, although wrote in Latin, counts as one of the most important persons in Hungarian literature, being the only significant Hungarian Humanist poet of the period. The first printing house was also founded during Matthias' reign, by András Hess, in Buda. The first book printed in Hungary was the Chronica Hungarorum.Matthias Corvinus's library, the Bibliotheca Corviniana, was among Europe's greatest collections of secular historical chronicles and philosophic and scientific works in the fifteenth century. In 1489, Bartolomeo della Fonte of Florence wrote that Lorenzo de Medici founded his own Greek-Latin library encouraged by the example of the Hungarian king. Corvinus's library is part of UNESCO World Heritage. Other important figures of Hungarian Renaissance: Bálint Balassi (poet),Sebestyén Tinódi Lantos (poet).

The most important poets of the period was Bálint Balassi (1554–1594) and Miklós Zrínyi (1620–1664). Balassi's poetry shows Mediaeval influences, his poems can be divided into three sections: love poems, war poems and religious poems. Zrínyi's most significant work, the epic Szigeti veszedelem ("Peril of Sziget", written in 1648/49) is written in a fashion similar to the Iliad, and recounts the heroic Battle of Szigetvár, where his great-grandfather died while defending the castle of Szigetvár. Among the religious literary works the most important is theBible translation by Gáspár Károli (The second Hungarian translation in the history), the Protestant pastor of Gönc, in 1590. The translation is called the Bible of Vizsoly, after the town where it was first published. (See Hungarian Bible translations for more details.)

The Hungarian enlightenment was delayed about fifty years compared to the Western European enlightenment. The new thoughts arrived to Hungary across Vienna. The first enlightened writers were Maria Theresia's bodyguards (György Bessenyei, János Batsányi and so on). The greatest poets of the time were Mihály Csokonai Vitéz and Dániel Berzsenyi. The greatest figure of the language reform was Ferenc Kazinczy. The Hungarian language became feasible for scientific explanations from this time, and furthermore many new words were coined for describing new inventions.

Hungarian literature has recently gained some renown outside the borders of Hungary (mostly through translations into German, French and English). Some modern Hungarian authors have become increasingly popular in Germany and Italy especially Sándor MáraiPéter EsterházyPéter Nádas, and Imre Kertész. The latter is a contemporary Jewish writer who survived the Holocaust and won the Nobel Prize for literature in 2002.

The older classics of Hungarian literature and Hungarian poetry have remained almost totally unknown outside Hungary. János Arany, a famous nineteenth century Hungarian poet is still much loved in Hungary (especially his collection of Ballads), among several other "true classics" like Sándor Pet?fi, the poet of the Revolution of 1848, Endre AdyMihály BabitsDezs? KosztolányiAttila József, and János Pilinszky. Other well-known Hungarian authors are Ferenc MóraGéza GárdonyiZsigmond MóriczGyula IllyésAlbert Wass, and Magda Szabó

Cinema of Hungary

A lot of Hungarians have contributed to film art and its technology. Because of historical reasons it was easier to reach success abroad. Hungarians in Hollywood have got more than 136 Academy Award nominations and about 30 Academy awards (until 1996). This is especially impressing considering the relative small 10 million country and might be the highest per capita in the world. The peak was in the decade of the 1940s when there were about 43 nominations to exiled Hungarians.

Hungarians emigrated in big numbers after several disasters after the first world war (1918) when neighbour-countries (Romania, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia) occupied Hungary which lost 2/3 of its territory (1920). In the turmoil there followed a communist takeover with the so called red terror and a reaction against it called the white terror. This also caused worse economy and filmmakers tried their fortunes abroad, first mainly in the German-speaking world like Géza von Bolváry and later also in the English-speaking world. Sound-film was invented (1918) in Germany by Dénes Mihály.With the arrival of racial laws (from 1939) people considered Jewish were forced to leave to get working opportunities. It is ironic that some of the most successful propaganda films during the second world war, on opposing sides, were made by Hungarians: Münchhausen by Josef von Baky and Pimpernel Smith by Leslie Howard. With the communist takeover in 1948 more Hungarians left. After the crushed 1956 revolution, some important filmmakers left, including Vilmos Zsigmond, László Kovács, Jean Badal, Peter Medák. With the amnesty of 1960 the cultural climate somewhat eased.

Nevertheless some Hungarians have despite the hardships of staying at home got the coveted nominations (15 times for 18 persons) and in some cases even the award (Ferenc Rófusz (80), István Szabó (81), Zsuzsa Böszörményi (91) a co-winners Jászberényi, Perlaki and Priskin (2010)). The most well-known Hungarian film to date is Mephisto, by István Szabó. It won an Academy Award in the category Best Foreign Language film. The year before The Fly an animation by Rófusz became the very first Hungarian film awarded. Foreign student Academy Award went to Zsuzsa Böszörményi(1991). In 2010 the trio Márk JászberényiTamás Perlaki and Gyula Priskin got the scientific and engineering award for Lustre, a software to colorcorrect intermediates in real-time. (First used on the Lord of the Rings). 8 films have been nominated in the category Best Foreign Language Film. 4 nominations to István Szabo (most nomineed person in Hungary), 2 to Zoltán Fábri (69,79) and one each to Imre Gyöngyössy/Barna Kabay and Károly Makk. 3 films have been nominated for Best Short Animation.(Marcell JankovicsFerenc Rófusz and Géza M.Toth). Cinematographer Lajos Koltai has been nominated for best cinematography.

Public Holidays

January

Sunday, January 1st 2012
Újév (New Year's Day)

March

Thursday, March 15th 2012
Nemzeti ünnep (Hungarian National Day)

April

Sunday, April 8th 2012
Húsvétvasárnap (Easter Sunday)

Monday, April 9th 2012
Húsvéthétf? (Easter Monday)

May

Tuesday, May 1st 2012
A munka ünnepe (Labour Day)

Sunday, May 27th 2012
Pünkösdvasárnap (Pentecost)

Monday, May 28th 2012
Pünkösdhétf? (Pentecost)

August

Monday, August 20th 2012
Szent István ünnepe (Saint Stephen I of Hungary)

October

Tuesday, October 23rd 2012
Nemzeti ünnep (Hungarian National Day)

November

Thursday, November 1st 2012
Mindenszentek (All Saints' Day)

December

Tuesday, December 25th 2012
Karácsony (Christmas)
Wednesday, December 26th 2012
Karácsony másnapja (Christmas)

Taken from:

http://calendar.retira.eu/public-holidays/hungary/2012/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culture_of_Hungary

HUNGARIAN people

The population composition at the foundation of Hungary (895) depends on the size of the arriving Hungarian population and the size of the Slavic (and remains of Avar-Slavic) population at the time. One source mentions 200 000 Slavs and 400 000 Hungarians,[1] while other sources often don't give estimates for both, making comparison more difficult. The size of the Hungarian population around 895 is often estimated between 120 000 and 600 000,[2] with a number of estimates in the 400-600 000 range.[1][3][4] Other sources only mention a fighting force of 25 000 Magyar warriors used in the attack,[5][6] while declining to estimate the total population including women and children and warriors not participating in the invasion. In the historical demographics the largest earlier shock was the Mongol Invasion of Hungary, several plagues also took a toll on the country's population. According to the demographers, about 80 percent of the population was made up of Hungarians before the Battle of Mohács, however the Hungarian ethnic group became a minority in its own country after the Rákóczi's War for Independence. Major territorial changes made Hungary ethnically homogeneous after World War I.

Hungary before the treaty of Trianon (4 June 1920)

Hungary lost 64% of its total population in consequence of the Treaty of Trianon, which was decreased from 20.9 million to 7.6 million,[62] and 31% (3.3 out of 10.7 million) of its ethnic Hungarians,[54] Hungary lost five of its ten most populous cities.

Difference between the borders of the Kingdom of Hungary within Austria-Hungary and independent Hungary after the Treaty of Trianon. Based on the 1910 census. Administrative Hungary in green, autonomous Croatia-Slavonia grey.

According to the census of 1910, the largest ethnic group in the Kingdom of Hungary were Hungarians, who were 54,5% of the population of Kingdom of Hungary, excluding Croatia-Slavonia. Although the territories of the former Kingdom of Hungary that were assigned by the treaty to neighbouring states in total had a majority of non-Hungarian population, they also included areas of Hungarian majority and significant Hungarian minorities, numbering 3,318,000 in total.

The number of Hungarians in the different areas based on census data of 1910. The present day location of each area is given in parenthesis.

Taken from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_hungary#Ethnic_groups_and_language

HUNGARIAN food

Hungarianor Magyar cuisine is the cuisine characteristic of the nation of Hungary and its primary ethnic group, the Magyars. Traditional Hungarian dishes are primarily based on meats, seasonal vegetables, fruits, fresh bread, cheeses and honey. Recipes are based on centuries-old traditions of spicing and preparation methods, and are notable for their incredible superiority; tourists and inhabitants alike often refer to the amazing satisfaction of a Hungarian meal.

General features

Hungarians are especially passionate about their soups, desserts and pastries and stuffed pancakes (palacsinta), with fierce rivalries between regional variations of the same dish, (like the Hungarian hot fish soup called Fisherman's Soup or halászlé, cooked differently on the banks of Hungary's two main rivers: the Danube and the Tisza). Other famous Hungarian dishes would be Paprikás (paprika stew, meat simmered in thick creamy paprika gravy) served with nokedli (small dumplings), gulyás (goulash), palacsinta (pancakes served flambéed in dark chocolate sauce filled with ground walnuts) and Dobos Cake (layered sponge cake, with chocolate buttercream filling and topped with a thin caramel slice).

Two remarkable elements of Hungarian cuisine that are hardly noticed by locals, but usually conjure up much enthusiasm amongst foreigners, are different forms of vegetable stews called f?zelék[1] as well as cold fruit soups, like cold sour cherry soup (Hungarian: hideg meggyleves).

Meat stews, casseroles, steaks, roasted pork, beef, poultry, lamb or game and the Hungarian sausages (kolbász[1]) and winter salami are a major part of Hungarian cuisine. The mixing of different varieties of meat is a traditional feature of the Hungarian cuisine. Goulash, stuffed peppers, stuffed cabbages or Fatányéros (Hungarian mixed grill on wooden platter[2]) can combine beef and pork, and sometimes mutton. In very exclusive dishes fruits like plums and apricots are cooked with meat or in piquant sauces/stuffings for game, roasts and other cuts. Various kinds of noodles and dumplings, potatoes and rice are commonly served as a side dish. The Hungarian cuisine uses a large variety of cheeses, but the most common are túró (a type of quark), cream cheeses, ewe-cheese (juhturó), Emmentaler, Edam and the Hungarian cheeses Trappista and Pálpusztai and Pannonia cheese.

Spices

Hungarian food is often spicy, due to the common use of hot paprika. Sweet (mild) paprika is also common. Additionally, the combination of paprika, lard and yellow onions is typical of Hungarian cuisine,[3] and the use of the thick sour cream called tejföl.

In addition to various kinds of paprika and onions (raw, sweated, seared, browned or caramelized), other common flavor components include:

·         White peppercorn

·         Black peppercorn

·         Parsley

·         Bay leaf

·         Dill

·         Caraway

·         Marjoram

·         Thyme and creeping thyme

·         Mustard (prepared)

·         Tarragon

·         Vinegar

·         Savory

·         Lovage

·         Chervil

·         Lemon juice and peel

·         Almond

·         Vanilla

·         Poppy seeds

·         Cinnamon

·         Coriander

·         Rosemary

·         Juniper berries

·         Anise

·         Basil

·         Oregano

·         Allspice

·         Horseradish

·         Cloves

·         Mace

·         safflower

History

Hungarian cuisine has influenced the history of the Magyar people. The importance of livestock and the nomadic lifestyle of the Magyar people is apparent in the prominence of meat in Hungarian food and may be reflected in traditional meat dishes cooked over the fire like goulash (in Hungarian "gulyás", lit. "herdsman's (meal)"),[3] pörkölt stew and the spicy fisherman’s soup called halászlé are all traditionally cooked over the open fire in a bogrács (or cauldron). In the 15th century, King Matthias Corvinus[4][5] and his Neopolitan wife Beatrice, influenced by Renaissance culture, introduced new ingredients and spices like garlic, ginger, mace, saffron and nutmeg,[6] onion and the use of fruits in stuffings or cooked with meat.[7] Some of these spices like ginger and saffron are no longer used in modern Hungarian cuisine.[8] At that time and later, considerable numbers of Saxons (a German ethnic group), Armenians, Italians, Jews and Serbs settled in the Hungarian basin and in Transylvania. Elements of ancient Turkish cuisine were adopted during the Ottoman era, in the form of sweets (for example different nougats, like white nougat called törökméz,[9] quince (birsalma) sweets, Turkish Delight), Turkish coffee, the cake called bejgli or rice dishes like pilaf (in Transylvania), meat and vegetable dishes like the eggplant, used in eggplant salads and appetizers, stuffed peppers and stuffed cabbage called töltött káposzta. Hungarian cuisine was influenced by Austrian cuisine under the Austro-Hungarian Empire; dishes and methods of food preparation have often been borrowed from Austrian cuisine, and vice versa. Some cakes and sweets in Hungary show a strong German-Austrian influence. All told, modern Hungarian cuisine is a synthesis of ancient Asiatic components mixed with Germanic, Italian, and Slavic elements. The food of Hungary can be considered a melting pot of the continent, with its own original cuisine from its original Magyar people.

Typical Hungarian dishes

 

Taken from wikipedia

Places to go in HUNGARY

Budapest

It’s located in northern Hungary near Danube River: it covers 525 Km2, the hills of Buda, a part of the city, is between 150 and 500 metres high. The population is about 1,730,000.

Towards the north you can enjoy the view to the Buda hills and to Margaret Bridge on the Danube. On the other side, you can see baroque church towers above mass of houses of Water Town. To the south, instead, there is the Gellért Hill.
The town has ancient fifteenth-century town walls, even if it was completely rebuilt in the eighteenth century; there is also an historic and famous centre, between Liberty Bridge, Chain Bridge, Múzeum körút and Károly körút.

It’s a cultural and an industrial town: there are many libraries, universities, theatres and museums (nearly 100): the largest museums are Hungarian National Museum, the Hungarian National Galleryand the Budapest History Museum.

Every major world cuisine is represented in the city. So, as well as hearty traditional feasts, you can go Italian, Chinese, Mexican or even Russian. Hungarian dishes have a distinctive character of their own, rich with sour cream, onions, eggs, butter and wine. An abundance of good local produce, meat and fish make for dishes such as Halászlé (Fish soup)

Siófok

23,000 people live this little city which is located near lake Balaton, exactly right at the confluence of the Siò canal and it belongs to Somogy county. Siòfok is 105 kilometers far from Budapest on the highway.

All around you can see how nature is the protagonist, because at north lake Balaton surrounds the city; there are hills at south and curly land of Mezofold at east. 
So landscapes are marvellous especially sunrises on the mountains which are opposite to lake Balaton.

This town has good railways which connects it to Budapest; there is also a waterway that links it to the northern beach and an airport.

As all the little hungarian towns, Siòfok doesn’t offer an excellent range of choice as regards of restaurants, but you can try traditional Hungarian food and the superb wines. So there are many possibilities to taste new piquant aromas and particular sauces.

The temperature of the lake is quite warm, but it’s better to swim in there in May because spring climate offers sunny days.

Gyor

Gyor is located in the north-western part of Hungary. This town of approximately127,000 inhabitants has three rivers passing through it, giving it the title of ‘the town of rivers’.

Gyor has a temperate climate; summers are warm, and winters, cold and humid. The average temperature in summer is around 25°C.

Gyor prospered tremendously in the Middle Ages, because of its location. The three rivers gave it access to the trading activities in the area. At the end of the Middle Ages, the town was burnt down by its own ruler as he was unable to defend it. The town had to then be re-planned and reconstructed.

Today, Gyor is laid with several interesting monuments which attract tourists. It is also one of Hungary’s primary commercial centres.

Hévíz

Located 6 Km from western-Balaton, its population is about 5000 inhabitants.

It’s unique because it has the largest thermal lake in Europe, covering 47,500 square metres and it’s surrounded by a big protective forest.

This town is a little gem that has not yet been discovered by the average traveller, it's unspoilt, clean, safe and very tourist friendly. 
As the average age of the guests was about 60, all the bars and restaurants close at 22:00; however food is good, they also make German food, but it’s practically impossible to find an Italian, Chinese or French restaurants.

Because of the geographical situation the region has very few windy days.
The avarage temperature is up to 11,2 °C, the sunshine is given for 1940 hours yearly and the climate is very Mediterranean-like. 
Summers are dry and warm; Autumns are cool, foggy and rainy. 
Winters are relatively short, moderately cold and usually dry, but sometimes brilliant sunny.

The little snow the city gets usually disappears after a few days.

Pécs

Populated by 160,000 people, its area is 162,61 km2 and its county is Baranya, in the South-west of the Hungary. It’s situated 32km from the Croatian border.

If you walk up Janus Pannonius utca toward Széchenyi tér, you'll notice on your left a small metal fence, covered with padlocks. 
Young lovers visiting Pécs have left these locks as a token of their desire to live in this beautiful city.

Geographical landscapes with the delightful Mecsek mountains and the surrounding foothills, both rich in forests.

It’s the administrative and economical centre of the country; it is constituted from an agricultural zone so it produces typical local products; Pécs it’s a delightful place, the largest and loveliest city in the Mecsek Hill region. The rolling hills around the town are the source of some of Hungary's finest fresh fruit.

You can appreciate the local cuisine, rich of aromas and piquant flavours: paprika and garlic is to be found in any dish, so sometimes it could be heavy!! Be careful if you have a sensitive stomach!!

The city enjoys a particularly warm and arid climate.

Taken from:http://www.placesonline.com/europe/hungary/places.asp

Doing business in HUNGARY

A nation shaped by multiple empires, two world wars and Communism, Hungary has one of Central Europe’s most prosperous economies. Hungary has made a smooth transition towards a free market society which continues to dramatically increase foreign investment. Hoping to adopt the Euro by 2012, Hungary has sanctioned fiscal freedom and has substantially improved trade.  Hungary has attracted nearly a third of Central Europe’s foreign  investment and is a renowned model  for other  nations experiencing similar  reform.   A member of the World Trade Organisation and International Monetary Fund, Hungary offers untold opportunities for businesses looking to take advantage of its successful market.

Working practices in Hungary

-Punctuality for meetings and appointments is a highly valued part of Hungarian business culture. Hungarians are usually either on time or early for meetings, and it is expected that visitors do the same.  Give appropriate notice if you are going to be late, as tardiness might make them believe you do not consider your Hungarian counterparts important.

-Traditional working hours are 9:00 am to 5.00 pm, Monday to Friday.   However, Hungarians will usually work overtime and often without a lunch break.

-Avoid scheduling meetings during July and August as these are the main holiday months.

-Hungarians dress conservatively and take pride in their appearance. When doing business with your Hungarian counterparts you should also carefully consider what you wear and ensure it is not offensive or loud.

Structure and hierarchy in Hungarian companies

-Status and hierarchy are very important to Hungarians so you should always respect  colleagues and managers. Formality is a must, particularly around supervisors and executives.

-Typically, managers will make all major decisions without the consultation of lower-level employees. Meetings are almost always led by the more senior members of the group.

Working relationships in Hungary

When meeting new colleagues, you will be introduced with your family name followed by your first name.  At first, you may be referred to by surname only. Hungarians do not usually use first names when meeting someone for the first time.

-Business in Hungary is extremely relationship-oriented. It is important to spend time with your

Hungarian counterparts and to earn their trust before any negotiations take place.

-Doing business with the Hungarians involves much socialising outside the workplace. Large lunches, receptions and dinners for getting to know each other  are an important part of the negotiation process.  However, business is rarely discussed at these events.

-Hungarians prefer to keep their private and professional life separate. It may require a long time make friends with your Hungarian counterpart. Despite initially being quite reserved, once Hungarians develop business relationships these are usually genuine and last forever.

Business practices in Hungary

-Hungarians like to consider every aspect of a deal and will therefore spend more time negotiating and reviewing things  before making  a decision.   Details are vital so Hungarians will often require substantial amounts of information before arriving at a conclusion.

-Most Hungarians conduct business in either German or English.  Foreigners are not expected to speak the local language as Hungarian is considered one of the most difficult languages to learn. Be sure to arrange for an interpreter if necessary.

-Deadlines are an important part of Hungarian business culture. Hungarians are expected to work overtime to meet a deadline and expect their foreign business partners to do the same.

-Hungarians appreciate clear and precise contracts.   They also expect the contract to be amended should circumstances change.

-In negotiations, Hungarians do not hesitate to interrupt, argue or criticise if they feel it is needed.

Arguments and debates are generally considered constructive ways of bringing about new ideas.

Hungarian Business Etiquette (Do’s and Don’ts)

 DO familiarise yourself with Hungarian history. Read about Hungarian composers and scientists and be prepared to discuss global Hungarian contributions with your business partners. They will appreciate the effort you make to understand their culture.

 DO accept dinner and cultural invitations from your Hungarian colleagues. Use these invitations as opportunities to get to know your business partners on a more personal level.

 DO pay attention to non-verbal cues.  Hungarians may use facial expressions rather than words to express their dislike or confusion. Don’t be afraid to ask for clarification, as Hungarians will often be indirect out of courtesy.

 DON’T speak down or act condescending in any way. Hungarians view this as an extreme sign of disrespect, and any perceived arrogance could ruin your relationship with your Hungarian colleagues.

DON’T cancel a meeting at the last minute. Hungarians see this as blatant discourtesy and this could potentially harm the trust you have established with your Hungarian business partner.

DON’T be uncomfortable if your Hungarian friends or colleagues raise their voices or have very different opinions. This is normal in Hungarian business culture and should not be taken personally.

Taken from www.communicaid.com

HUNGARY: useful links

visit-hungary.com/

www.mfa.gov.hu/

www.lonelyplanet.com/hungary

www.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/country_profiles/1049641.stm

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