DJIBOUTI Facts & Figures

Size: 8,958 square miles

Population: 906,000

Capital:  Djibouti

Currency: Franc

Weather / Climate:

Djiboutiis generally very hot and dry throughout the course of the year. Featuring an arid climate, the city sees on average 131 mm (5.16 in) of precipitation per year. Temperatures range from very warm during the months of December, January and February to extremely hot in July, where temperatures routinely exceed 49°C (120°F).

Taken from wikipedia

DJIBOUTI languages

Djiboutiis a multilingual country. The majority of the population speaks Somali or Afar as a first language.[1] French, inherited from the colonial period, and Arabic, which is of social, cultural and religious importance, are the official languages.

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Over half of the Republic of Djibouti's inhabitants (totalling well over 700,000) reside in the capital city. The population is divided between the Somalis (predominantly of the Issa clan, along with Gadabuursi and Isaaq representation) and the Afar or Danakil, divided into the `noble' Asaimara (Red) clans and commoner Asdoimara (White) clans. All are Cushitic-speaking peoples, and nearly all are Muslim. Among the 30,000 foreigners residing in Djibouti, the French are the most numerous. Among the French are 3,200 troops of French Foreign Legion. There is also a sizable Arab population living in Djibouti, which constitutes about 5 percent of the population.

The ethnic divide between the Issa and the Afar dominates the social and political landscapes. It is the cause of political hostilities and the root of what some at one time called Djibouti's 'boiling cauldron.' In the late 1980s and early 1990s there was a renewed effort to grow a "greater Afar" nation that led many to believe that the cauldron would boil over. Ultimately, the conflict abated without significant regime upheaval. In the political sphere there have been attempts at power sharing to try to quell the conflict, though the political dominance of the Issa continues to be a source of Afar resentment and periodic unrest. In the social sphere, the divide looms large.

Djiboutihas few natural resources to offer beyond low profit-yielding salt. The arid soils provide little agricultural opportunity, there is little or no mineral wealth, and there is no oil known off the coast. The people, while more educated than many of their regional counterparts, are not well trained enough to offer international business skills. Infrastructure does not provide the requirements for attracting significant international business. Djibouti's main advantages have been its strategic position. It has a vibrant port in a region of large land-locked country. Since the Ethiopian-Eritrean conflict Djibouti has profited by providing Ethiopia an alternative to the Eritrean port. As a neighbor to Somalia and bearing a large Somali population, Djibouti has seen its interest involved in the Somali conflict, most notably hosting peace talks in Spring 2000.

In terms of health and welfare, the average life expectancy in Djibouti is 61.14 years of age. The infant mortality rate is 54.94 deaths per 1000 live births. The HIV/AIDs infection rate is lower than many other African countries at only 2.5 percent. About 67.9 percent of the population is literate.

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The Cuisine in Djibouti, which is a country in eastern Africa has been influenced by various influences from the surrounding African countries and even outside. There are a large number of restaurants in Djibouti where the tourist will be able to find the cuisine in Djibouti along with Asian dishes or simple fast food. Some of the popular cuisine in Djibouti is made with a variation of fresh seafood, meat and lentils.

Facts about Dijibouti inform that the Cuisine in Djibouti reflects a mixture of French and four other influences. Firstly the Djibouti local cuisines make a liberal use of Indian spices. Some of the typical dishes that have an Indian culinary influence are cardamom rice, the stuffed kid, and the fah-fah which is spicy boiled beef.

Many restaurants in Djibouti serve local cuisines which are largely influenced by Arab and French culinary art. There is a larger variety of restaurants in Djibouti where you can find Asian cuisine and also simple fast foods. Apart from this, the surrounding countries like Ethiopia have considerably influenced the Djibouti cuisine. The various sauces which are served over fermented flat bead known as injera bring a contemporary Ethiopian flavor. The three kifto which is a ground meat sauce and the ayb or cow's milk cheese, or the doro wat which is a spicy chicken stew are partaken with strips of flat bread.

The influence of Yemeni cuisine is also evident in the way fishes are baked in Djibouti. The meat items are accompanied with mashed dates, grains or bananas and served in a generous quantity. The other major African influence on the cuisine in Djibouti is Somali. The local version of pasta is thought to be even better than the Italian variety. Somalian dishes made their way in the most favored items of Djibouti. Grilled meats are frequently served with the pasta.

Djibouti Tours will also bring the tourist to the variety of French and Italian restaurants in addition to the Greek, Lebanese, Chinese and Pakistani eateries that are scattered around the country. During your Djibouti travel you can sample several varieties of seafood especially in the restaurants which are situated close to its beaches. Thus the diversity of the cuisine in Djibouti can be amply understood from this which also shows the harmonious mingling of different cultures.

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Doing business in DJIBOUTI

The economy of Djibouti is based on service activities connected with the country's strategic location[17] and status as a free trade zone in northeast Africa. Two-thirds of the inhabitants live in the capital city, the remainder being mostly nomadic herders. Scant rainfall limits crop production to fruits and vegetables, and most food must be imported.

In April 2005, the United Nations World Food Programme warned that 30,000 people in Djibouti face serious food shortages following three years of poor rains.[18]

Djiboutiprovides services as both a transit port for the region and an international transshipment and refueling center. It has few natural resources and little industry. The nation is, therefore, heavily dependent on foreign assistance to help support its balance of payments and to finance development projects. Salt Investment, a Djiboutian company, is overseeing a $70 million operation to industrialize the collection of Djibouti’s plentiful salt in the Region Lake Asal.

There are gold miners from India, geothermal experts from Iceland, Turkish hotel managers, Saudi oil engineers, French bankers and American military contractors. Investors from Dubai have leased the country's port, in an effort to develop the area as a gateway to the region. Saudi investors are reportedly exploring the possibility of linking the Horn of Africa with the Arabian Peninsula via an 18-mile (29 km) long oversea bridge referred to as the Bridge of the Horns. Tarek bin Laden, half brother of Osama bin Laden, has been linked to the project.

An unemployment rate of 40% to 50% continues to be a major problem. Inflation is not a concern, however, because of the fixed tie of the franc to the U.S. dollar. Per capita consumption dropped an estimated 35% over the last seven years because of recession, civil war, and a high population growth rate (including immigrants and refugees). The secession of Eritrea from Ethiopia has been beneficial to Djibouti, as the Port of Djibouti is now serving as landlocked Ethiopia's primary link to the sea. Faced with a multitude of economic difficulties, the government has fallen into arrears on long-term external debt and has been struggling to meet the stipulations of foreign aid donors.[1]

Djiboutiwas ranked the 177th safest investment destination in the world in the March 2011 Euromoney Country Risk rankings.[19]

Taken from wikipedia

DJIBOUTI: useful links

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