DANISH Facts & Figures
Size: 16,641 square miles
Currency: Danish Krone
Weather / Climate:
The climate is in the temperate zone. The winters are not particularly cold, with mean temperatures in January and February of 0.0 °C, and the summers are cool, with a mean temperature in August of 15.7 °C. Denmark has an average of 121 days per year with precipitation, on average receiving a total of 712 mm per year; autumn is the wettest season and spring the driest.
Because of Denmark's northern location, the length of the day with sunlight varies greatly. There are short days during the winter with sunrise coming around 8:45 am and sunset 3:45 pm, as well as long summer days with sunrise at 4:30 am and sunset at 10 pm Christmas (Danish: jul), is celebrated on Christmas Eve, 24 December. The celebration for the longest day is known in Denmark as St. Hans Aften (St. John's evening). Celebrations of Midsummer have taken place since pre-Christian times.
The Kingdom of Denmark has only one official language, Danish, the national language of the Danish people, but there are several minority languages spoken through the territory. These include German, Faroese, and Greenlandic. A large majority of Danes also speak English as a second language.
Official minority languages
German is an official minority language in South Jutland County (in Region of Southern Denmark), which was part of Imperial Germany prior the Treaty of Versailles. Between 15,000 and 20,000 Ethnic Germans live in South Jutland, of whom roughly 8,000 use either the standard German or the Schleswigsch variety of Low Saxon in daily communications. Schleswigisch is highly divergent from Standard German and can be quite difficult to understand by Standard German speakers. Outside of South Jutland, the members of St. Peter's Church in Copenhagen use German in their Church, its website, and the school that it runs.
Faroese, a North Germanic language like Danish, is the primary language of the Faroe Islands, a self-governing territory of the Kingdom. It is also spoken by some Faroese immigrants to mainland Denmark. Faroese is similar to Icelandic, and also the Old Norse language spoken in the scandinavian area more than a millennium ago.
Greenlandic is the main language of the 54,000 Inuit living in Greenland, which is, like the Faroes, a self-governing territory of Denmark. Roughly 7,000 people speak Greenlandic on the Danish mainland.
According to the Danish statistics institute, approximately five million people of Danish origin live in Denmark today. In this context "Danish origin" is defined as being born to parents who are Danish citizens, and the number is arrived at by subtracting from the total population (5,564,249) those who are born abroad to non-citizens who are themselves born abroad (called immigrants), and those who are born in Denmark to parents who are either immigrants or who have foreign citizenship.
Danish citizenship is granted to anyone who has one parent of Danish citizenship, whether the child is born in or outside of Denmark. Citizens of Greenland and the Faroe islands are considered Danish citizens for all purposes. Those who do not achieve Danish citizenship by birth (or by Adoption) can only receive Danish citizenship through decree of law. Danish citizenship is automatically lost if one applies for foreign citizenship or when a 22 year old child of Danish citizens has never lived in Denmark and has not formally applied for Danish citizenship.
-5,500,510 (July 2009 est.)
-country comparison to the world: 109
-0-14 years: 18.1% (male 511,882/female 485,782)
-15-64 years: 65.8% (male 1,817,800/female 1,798,964)
-65 years and over: 16.1% (male 387,142/female 498,940) (2009 est.)
-total: 40.5 years
-male: 39.6 years
-female: 41.3 years (2009 est.)
Population growth rate:
-0.28% (2009 est.)
-country comparison to the world: 175
Net migration rate:
-2.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
-country comparison to the world: 32
Taken from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/People_of_Denmark
Throughout history, France had a strong influence on the culture and cuisine of Denmark. Other influences came from countries such as Greece, Italy and Spain. American culture has begun to have an influence on those who live in Denmark.
Traditional Food in Denmark
It is said that the food in Denmark is the very best in all of Scandinavia. It has ingredients that come from the cool moist climate of the north including rye, beetroot, greens, berries, barley and mushrooms.
Traditionally, a Danish breakfast might be made up of sliced cheese, buttered bread, Danish havarti cheese, coffee and strawberry jam. Occasionally, cold cuts such as rullepølse, kødpølse, and Danish salami are served. Most Danes eat cereal with milk as well.
Smørrebrød is common for lunchtime. It is dark bread with butter that has been topped with a slice of cheese, fish or meat.
Danes often enjoy roasted lamb, fried onion with liver, and beef. They also enjoy flæskesteg med rødkål, or roasted pork and red cabbage.
Popular Dishes in Denmark
- Risalamande - Rice pudding eaten during Christmas night and served with a hot sauce of cherries.
- Koldskål - Most often enjoyed during the summer months, this is a cold vanilla and buttermilk dish that is sweet.
- Æblekage - A dessert of apples that are stewed and topped with bread crumbs and a meringue of crushed almonds.
- Rødgrød med fløde - Strawberries that have been stewed and thickened with cream.
- Pandekager - Very thin pancakes, much like crepes. They are rolled and served with strawberry jam and powdered sugar.
- Æggekage - Much like an omelette, this is an egg cake that is made with flour to allow it to rise.
- Øllebrød (beer bread) - Pudding that has been made of beer, rye bread and sugar.
- Millionbøf - This is gravy that has tiny beef pieces, most often served over mashed potatoes or pasta.
- Brændende kærlighed - Potatoes that are mashed with milk and cream or butter.
- Rinker - Liver, kidney and heart mash that comes from pigs.
- Gammel Dansk - A traditional liquor of the Danish. It is said to be the only kind of alcohol that can be enjoyed at breakfast.
- Smørgåsbord Eggnog - This is a delightful liqueur much like posset. It is made of cream, sugar, beaten eggs and milk combined with whisky, rum or brandy and has nutmeg, ginger or cinnamon.
- Akvavit - This is a kind of alcohol that is a lot like vodka. Distilled from grain or potato, it is commonly seasoned with many different herbs.
- Mjød - This is one of the oldest recorded alcoholic drinks. It is honey with a sour aftertaste much like that or lemon rind. This drink also contains spices and herbs like cinnamon, nutmeg, fruit and cloves.
Taken from http://www.worldwidewebawards.net/Food/Denmark.html
Doing business in DENMARK
Denmark's mixed economy features above average European living standards and high amount of free trade. Denmark ranks 16th in the world in terms of GDP (PPP) per capita and ranks 5th in nominal GDP per capita.
According to World Bank Group, Denmark has the most flexible labour market in Europe; the policy is called flexicurity. It is easy to hire and fire (flexibility), and between jobs, unemployment compensation is very high (security). Denmark has a labour force of about 2.9 million. Denmark has the fourth highest ratio of tertiary degree holders in the world. GDP per hour worked was the 13th highest in 2009. Denmark has the world's lowest level of income inequality, according to the UN, and the world's highest minimum wage, according to the IMF. As of June 2010 the unemployment rate is at 6.6%, which is below the EU average of 9.6%.
Denmark is one of the most competitive economies in the world according to World Economic Forum 2008 report, IMD and The Economist. According to rankings by OECD, Denmark has the most free financial markets in EU-15 and also one of the most free product markets.
Denmark has a company tax rate of 25% and a special time limited tax regime for expatriates. The Danish taxation system is broad based, with a 25% VAT, in addition to excise taxes, income taxes and other fees. The overall tax burden (sum of all taxes, as a percentage of GDP) is estimated to be 46% in 2011.
Denmark's national currency, the krone (plural: kroner), is de facto linked to the Euro through the ERM. The exchange rate is pegged at approximately 7.46 kroner per euro. While Denmark in a September 2000 referendum rejected replacing the Danish kroner with the euro, the country in practice follows the policies set forth in the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union (EMU) and meets the economic convergence criteria for participating in the third phase (the Euro) of the EMU. The majority of the political parties in the parliament are for the Euro, but as yet a new referendum has not been held, despite plans; skepticism of the EU among Danish voters has historically been strong.
Denmark is known for the Danish cooperative movement within among others farming, the food industry (Danish Crown), dairy production (Arla Foods), retailing (Brugsen), wind turbine cooperatives and co-housing associations.
Support for free trade is high – in a 2007 poll 76% responded that globalisation is a good thing. 70% of trade flows are inside the European Union. Denmark has the 9th highest export per capita in the world. Main exports include: machinery, animals and foodstuffs, chemicals and oil and gas. Denmark is a net exporter of food and energy and has for a number of years had a balance of payments surplus while battling an equivalent of approximately 39% of GNP foreign debt or more than 300 billion DKK. Also of importance is the sea territory of more than 105,000 km² (40,000+ sq mi).
Denmark has ranked as the world's 11th most free economy, of 162 countries, in an index created by the Wall Street Journal and Heritage Foundation, the Index of Economic Freedom 2008. The Index has been categorised as using inappropriately weighted indicators for economic freedom, leading to wealthy and/or conservative countries with barriers to trade placing high on the list, while poor and/or socialist countries with fewer restrictions on trade place low. The Index has only a 10% statistical correlation with a standard measure of economic growth at GDP per capita. Neither does the Index account for the actions of governments to nurture business in the manner of the Japanese Zaibatsus during the late 20th century that helped lead to the Japanese economic miracle.
StatBank is the name of a large statistical database maintained by the central authority of statistics in Denmark. Online distribution of statistics has been a part of the dissemination strategy in Denmark since 1985. By this service, Denmark is a leading country in the world regarding electronic dissemination of statistics. There are about 2 million hits every year.
Taken from wikipedia