CROATIAN Facts & Figures

Size: 21,851 square miles

Population: 4,290,692

Capital: Zagreb

Currency: Kuna

Weather / Climate:

Most of Croatia has a moderately warm and rainy continental climate as defined by the Köppen climate classification. Mean monthly temperature ranges between −3 °C (27 °F) (in January) and 18 °C (64 °F) (in July). The coldest parts of the country are Lika and Gorski Kotar where snowy forested climate is found at elevations above 1,200 metres (3,900 feet). The warmest areas of Croatia are at the Adriatic coast and especially in its immediate hinterland characterized by the Mediterranean climate, as the temperature highs are moderated by the sea. Consequently, temperature peaks are more pronounced in the continental areas—the lowest temperature of −35.5 °C (−31.9 °F) was recorded on 3 February 1919 in Cakovec, and the highest temperature of 42.4 °C (108.3 °F) was recorded on 5 July 1950 in Karlovac.[73]

Mean annual precipitation ranges between 600 millimetres (24 inches) and 3,500 millimetres (140 inches) depending on geographic region and prevailing climate type. The least precipitation is recorded in the outer islands (Vis, Lastovo, Biševo, Svetac) and in the eastern parts of Slavonia, however in the latter case, it is mostly occurring during the growing season. The maximum precipitation levels are observed on the Dinara mountain range and in Gorski kotar. Prevailing winds in the interior are light to moderate northeast or southwest, and in the coastal area prevailing winds are determined by local area features. Higher wind velocities are more often recorded in cooler months along the coast, generally as bura or less frequently as sirocco. The sunniest parts of the country are the outer islands, Hvar and Kor?ula, where more than 2700 hours of sunshine are recorded per year, followed by the southern Adriatic Sea area in general, northern Adriatic coast, and Slavonia, all with more than 2000 hours of sunshine per year.

Taken from wikipedia

CROATIAN languages

Croatian(hrvatski jezik) is the collective name for the standard language and dialects spoken by Croats,[3] principally in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Serbian province of Vojvodina and other neighbouring countries. They are varieties of the Serbo-Croatian language, along with Serbian, Bosnian, and Montenegrin.[4][5][6]

Standard and literary Croatian is based on the central dialect, Shtokavian (Štokavian), more specifically on Eastern Herzegovinian, which is also the basis of standard Serbian, Bosnian, and Montenegrin. The two other principal Croatian dialects are Chakavian (?akavian) and Kajkavian. These dialects, and the four national standards, are commonly subsumed under the term "Serbo-Croatian" in English, though this term is controversial for native speakers[7] and paraphrases such as "Bosnian-Croatian-Montenegrin-Serbian" are therefore sometimes used instead, especially in diplomatic circles.

Vernacular texts in the Chakavian dialect first appeared in the 13th century, and Shtokavian texts appeared a century later. Standardization began in the period sometimes called "Baroque Slavism" in the first half of the 17th century,[8] while some authors date it back to the end of 15th century.[9] The modern Neo-Shtokavian standard that appeared in the mid 18th century was the first unified Croatian literary language.[10]

Taken from:


The demographic features of the population of Croatia include statistical data collected through censuses, normally conducted in ten-year intervals and analysed by various statistical bureaus since the 1850s. The Croatian Bureau of Statistics performs this task since the 1990s. The latest census in Croatia was performed in April 2011. The permanent population of Croatia at the 2011 census had reached 4.29 million. Population density equals 75.8 inhabitants per square kilometre, and the overall life expectancy in Croatia at birth is 75.7 years. Since 1991, Croatia's death rate continuously exceeds its birth rate. The population rose steadily from 2.1 million in 1857 until 1991, when it peaked at 4.7 million, with the exception of censuses taken following the two world wars. The natural growth rate of the population is currently negative, with the demographic transition completed in the 1970s. In terms of age structure, the population is dominated by the 15–64 year old segment. The median age of the population is 41.4, and the gender ratio of the total population is 0.93 males per 1 female.

Croatiais inhabited mostly by Croats (89.6%), while minorities include Serbs (4.5%), and 21 other ethnicities (less than 1% each). The demographic history of Croatia is marked by significant migrations, including the arrival of the Croats in the area growth of Hungarian and German speaking population since the personal union of Croatia and Hungary, and joining of the Habsburg Empire, migrations set off by Ottoman conquests and growth of Italian speaking population in Istria and in Dalmatia during Venetian rule there. After the collapse of Austria-Hungary, the Hungarian population declined, while the German speaking population was forced or compelled to leave after World War II and similar fate was suffered by the Italian population. Late 19th century and the 20th century were marked by large scale economic migrations abroad. The 1940s and the 1950s in Yugoslavia were marked by internal migrations in Yugoslavia, as well as by urbanisation. The most recent significant migrations came as a result of the Croatian War of Independence when hundreds of thousands were displaced.

The Croatian language is the official language of Croatia, but minority languages are officially used in some local government units. Croatian is declared as the native language by 96% of the population. A 2009 survey revealed that 78% of Croatians claim knowledge of at least one foreign language—most often English. The main religions of Croatia are Roman Catholicism (87.8%), Orthodox Christianity (4.4%) and Islam (1.3%). Literacy in Croatia stands at 98.1%. The proportion of the population aged 15 and over attaining academic degrees grew rapidly since 2001, doubling and reaching 16.7% by 2008. An estimated 4.5% of the GDP is spent for education. Primary and secondary education are available in Croatian and in languages of recognised minorities. Croatia has a universal health care system and in 2010, the nation spent 6.9% of its GDP on healthcare. Net monthly income in September 2011 averaged 5,397 kuna (c. 729 euro). The most significant sources of employment in 2008 were manufacturing industry, wholesale and retail trade and construction. In October 2011, unemployment rate was 17.4%. Croatia's median equivalent household income tops average Purchasing Power Standard of the ten countries which joined the EU in 2004, while trailing the EU average. 2011 census recorded a total of 1.5 million private households, which predominantly owned their own housing. Average urbanisation rate in Croatia stands at 56%, with augmentation of urban population and reduction of rural population.

Taken from:


Croatian cuisine is heterogeneous and is known as the cuisine of regions, since every region has its own distinct culinary traditions. Its modern roots date back to ancient periods and the differences in the selection of foodstuffs and forms of cooking are most notable between those on the mainland and those in coastal regions. Mainland cuisine is more characterized by the earlier Slavic and the more recent contacts with the more famous gastronomic orders of today - Hungarian, Viennese and in some part of land Turkish - while the coastal region bears the influences of the Greek, Roman and Illyrian, as well as of the later Mediterranean cuisine - Italian and French.

Cuisine of the regions

Croatian cuisine can, roughly summarized, be divided into a few regions which all have their specific cooking traditions, characteristic for the area and not necessarily well-known in other parts of Croatia. Most dishes, however, can be found all across the country. This is also why the varied cuisine of Croatia is called "cuisine of the regions".

Meat and game

Some foods from typical Croatian menus:

  • Specialities from the grill are called s roštilja or s ranja
  • prenomeans fried
  • pod pekommeans that the dish has been put into a stone oven under a metal cover. The cook puts hot coals on the cover so that the meal is cooked slowly.

Croatian meals include:


Croatian seafood dishes include:

  • Squids - Croatian: lignje, Italian: calamari
  • Octopus salad - Croatian: salata od hobotnice
  • Cuttlefish risotto - Croatian: Crni riot, Italian: Risotto nero
  • Tuna
  • Shrimps - Croatian: škampi, Italian: scampi
  • Common mussels - Croatian: dagnje
  • Cod with potatoes - Croatian bakalar na bijelo (Dubrovnik, Dalmatia and Istria)
  • Fishstew - Croatian brodet or brudet (Dubrovnik and Dalmatia), Italian brodetto
  • Clams
  • Sea spider salad
  • Breaded catfish or carp
  • Grilled sardines
  • Buzara or Buzzara (shellfish sautéed in garlic, olive oil, parsley & white wine)
  • Date shells or prstaci are part of the traditional cuisine, but in the 20th century their extraction was banned as a measure of ecological protection



· ganci is a dish in Slovenian and Northern Croatian cuisine

· Pašticada with Gnocchi is a beef pot roast dish from Dubrovnik and Dalmatia.

· Fui is a sort of pasta from Istria.

· Needle macaroni

· štrukli is a pastry dish from Zagorje, Zagreb area.

· Krpice sa zeljem

· Šporki makaruli traditional pasta mixed with meat sauce - from Dubrovnik and surrounding area


·  maneštra

·  Veal soup with smoked meat

· Vegeta seasoned broth


  • Punjena paprika - paprika/peppers filled with minced meat (Hungarian: töltött paprika)

Sweets and desserts

· Baklava

· Dunavske Valovi

· Kremšnita - cream slice

· Šaumšnita - meringue cream slice

· Zagorski štrukli - sweet pastry from northern Croatia

· Uštipci

· Croatian honey

· Bear's paw

· Farmer's cheese (quark) cakes (cream cake)

· Krafne, pokladnice - a type of Donut

· Croatian pancakes (with cream with wine sauce)

· ušljivac, deran, badavdija (long plaited bun)

· Šnenokli (eggwhites in vanilla cream)


Croatiahas two main wine regions: Continental (Kontinetalna) and Coastal (Primorska), which includes the islands. Each of the main regions is divided into sub-regions which are divided yet further into smaller vinogorje, (literally wine hills) and districts. Altogether, there are more than 300 geographically-defined wine-producing areas in Croatia. In parts of Croatia, wine, either red or white, is sometimes consumed mixed in approximately equal proportions with water.

Dessert wines

Taken from wikipedia

Places to go in CROATIA








Doing business in CROATIA

Croatia has successfully established macroeconomic stabilisation. Though the state still has a large presence in the economy, GDP growth is rising and the Croatian market is experiencing moderate expansion. Croatia spent  the first five years of its independence fighting the presence of the Serbian military and has only  recently begun to improve living standards and to make  critical economic changes.  Tourism and an increase in consumer spending have also refined Croatia’s economic climate. A member of NATO and the UN, Croatia has  plans to join the EU in 2010.

 Working practices in Croatia

• Croatians are very fashion conscious and will always dress according to the latest western styles. Croatians dress to reflect their level of professionalism.

•Most businesses operate from 9:00 am to 5.00 pm but  it is always advised that  you  check  with your Croatian business partners because many companies will start  or finish at different times.

• Deadlines are a lot more flexible than in western business culture and work is often finished at the last minute.

• Always address colleagues with their title and surname. Never use first names unless invited to do so.

Structure and hierarchy in Croatian companies

• Croatians value authoritative superiors and respect the knowledge, education, confidence and experience that comes with status.

•Croatia’s collectivist society has significantly impacted business culture. Usually only one person makes major decisions and receives success.  However, no one is responsible for failure.

• Decisions are made without consultation and managers usually do not need to provide explanations as to why a decision was reached.

Working relationships in Croatia

• Croatians are personable and will want to know about your family and where you are from.   Do not talk about money or personal problems – Croatians view this as a sign of weak character and the discussion will leave your colleagues feeling  uneasy.

• Personal space is important, but a large distance indicates dislike. Eye contact is also essential and is viewed as a sign of respect.

• Croatians are often direct. Croatians view soft-spoken or shy people as vulnerable and weak.

Business Practices in Croatia

• Meetings are often lengthy and do not tend to follow an agenda.

•Small talk usually precedes negotiations at meetings. It is important to initially build a relationship before discussing business matters.

• Professionalism is extremely important in Croatian business culture. Always maintain an appropriate relationship with your Croatian colleagues, as respect will decrease if the relationship becomes too personal.

Croatian business etiquette (Do’s and Don’ts)

DO show respect towards everyone you meet, including unfamiliar acquaintances as Croatians will often acknowledge strangers in passing.

DO ask Croatians for their opinions on the subject matter at hand. Croatians will be happy to assist you and this will help you  earn their trust.

DO translate one side of your business card into Croatian. While not a necessity, this shows respect and will impress your Croatian business partners.

DON’T discuss religion, war, or other ethnicities. These subjects are taboo in Croatian business culture.

DON’T openly criticise your Croatian colleagues. Croatians are very proud and are easily offended, so make suggestions rather than complaints and avoid direct confrontation.

DON’T make plans, either business or personal at the weekend without the consent of your Croatian colleagues. Weekends are considered family time and Croatians do not tend to let business interfere with their personal plans.

Taken from

CROATIA: useful links 

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