Size: 622,984 km2

Population: 4,422,000

Capital: Bangui

Currency: Central African CFA franc

Weather / Climate:

The climate of the C.A.R. is generally tropical. The northern areas are subject to harmattan winds, which are hot, dry, and carry dust. The northern regions have been subject to desertification, and the northeast is a desert. The remainder of the country is prone to flooding from nearby rivers.


Taken from wikipedia


The official languages of the Central African Republic are French and Sangho. In total there are about 120 languages in the country.

In the CAR, French is the language of writing and formal situations. It is estimated that 7.5% of the population are real French speakers.

Sangho has about 350,000 native speakers. It has become the lingua franca of the country. It became a national language in 1963 and the official language in 1991. It's estimated that 92% of the CARs population is able to speak Sangho. The language has become the mother tongue of almost all children in Bangui.

Nearly all of the languages of the CAR belong to the Ubangian family. There are a few Bantu languages in the extreme south, along the border with Congo-Brazzaville, and several Bongo–Baguirmi languages in the north, near the border with Chad. In addition, there is a Luo language, Runga.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_the_Central_African_Republic


There are more than 80 ethnic groups in the Central African Republic (CAR), each with its own language. About 50% are Baya-Mandjia, 40% Banda (largely located in the northern and central parts of the country), and 7% are M'Baka (southwestern corner of the CAR). Sangho, the language of a small group along the Oubangui River, is the national language spoken by the majority of Central Africans. Only a small part of the population has more than an elemental knowledge of French, the official language.

More than 55% of the population of the CAR lives in rural areas. The chief agricultural areas are around the Bossangoa and Bambari. Bangui, Berberati, Bangassou, and Bossangoa are the most densely populated urban centers.



Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2011 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 41.9% (male 907,629/female 897,153)

15-64 years: 53.9% (male 1,146,346/female 1,173,268)

65 years and over: 4.2% (male 71,312/female 107,648) (2006 est.)

Median age

Total: 19.2 years

Male: 18.8 years

Female: 19.6 years (2011 est.)

Population growth rate

2.146% (2011 est.)


Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_the_Central_African_Republic


Central African cuisineis the cooking traditions, practices, foods and dishes associated with the Central African Republic (CAR). The diet is heavy on staple starches such as millet and sorghum, and utilizes a significant amount of vegetables and sauces.[1]Okra, onions, garlic, chiles and peanuts are commonly used in stews and sauces.[1] Meat is generally scarce in CAR, and sources of protein include peanuts and insects such as cicadas, grasshoppers, crickets and termites.[1]

Common foods and dishes

Food scarcity

CAR's potential agricultural output can feed the entire population, however, four coups have occurred during the last decade which has significantly reduced agriculture and food production.[2] These political and economic crises have caused significant food shortages due to the burning of agricultural fields, food storage areas and villages by armed groups.

Taken from wikipedia


The economy of the CAR is dominated by the cultivation and sale of food crops such as cassava, peanuts, maize, sorghum, millet, sesame, and plantain . The annual real GDP growth rate is just above 3%. The importance of foodcrops over exported cash crops is indicated by the fact that the total production of cassava, the staple food of most Central Africans, ranges between 200,000 and 300,000 tons a year, while the production of cotton, the principal exported cash crop, ranges from 25,000 to 45,000 tons a year. Foodcrops are not exported in large quantities but they still constitute the principal cash crops of the country because Central Africans derive far more income from the periodic sale of surplus foodcrops than from exported cash crops such as cotton or coffee.[citation needed]

The CAR's largest import partner is South Korea (20.2%), followed by France (13.6%) and Cameroon (7.7%), while its largest export partner is Japan (40.4%), followed by Belgium (9.8%) and China (8.2%).[20][21]

Many rural and urban women also transform foodcrops into alcoholic drinks such as sorghum beer or hard liquor and derive considerable income from the sale of these drinks. Much of the income derived from the sale of foods and alcohol is not "on the books" and thus is not considered in calculating per capita income, which is one reason why official figures for per capita income are not accurate in the case of the CAR.

The per capita income of the CAR is often listed as being around $300 a year, said to be one of the lowest in the world, but this figure is based mostly on reported sales of exports and largely ignores the more important but unregistered sale of foods, locally produced alcohol, diamonds, ivory, bushmeat, and traditional medicine, for example. The informal economy of the CAR is more important than the formal economy for most Central Africans.[citation needed]

Diamonds constitute the most important export of the CAR, accounting for 40–55% of export revenues, but an estimated 30–50% of the diamonds produced each year leave the country clandestinely. Export trade is hindered by poor economic development, and the location of this country far from the coast.[citation needed]

The wilderness regions of this country have potential as ecotourist destinations. The country is noted for its population of forest elephants. In the southwest, the Dzanga-Sangha National Park is a rain forest area. To the north, the Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park has been well-populated with wildlife, including leopards, lions, and rhinos. To the northeast the Bamingui-Bangoran National Park. However the population of wildlife in these parks has severely diminished over the past 20 years due to poaching, particularly from the neighboring Sudan.[citation needed]

The CAR is a member of the Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa (OHADA).[22]

The CAR is ranked 180 out of 181 on 'ease of business' in the 2009 Doing Business Report of the World Bank Group. The 'ease of business' ranking uses a composite index on regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it.[23]

Taken from wikipedia





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