BRAZILIAN Facts & Figures

Size: 3,287,597 square miles

Population: 192,376,496

Capital: Brasilia

Currency: Real

Weather / Climate:

The climate of Brazil comprises a wide range of weather conditions across a large area and varied topography, but most of the country is tropical. According to the Köppen system, Brazil hosts five major climatic subtypes: equatorial, tropical, semiarid, highland tropical, temperate, and subtropical. The different climatic conditions produce environments ranging from equatorial rainforests in the north and semiarid deserts in the northeast, to temperate coniferous forests in the south and tropical savannas in central Brazil. Many regions have starkly different microclimates.

An equatorial climate characterizes much of northern Brazil. There is no real dry season, but there are some variations in the period of the year when most rain falls. Temperatures average 25 °C (77 °F), with more significant temperature variation between night and day than between seasons.

Over central Brazil rainfall is more seasonal, characteristic of a savanna climate. This region is as extensive as the Amazon basin but has a very different climate as it lies farther south at a higher altitude. In the interior northeast, seasonal rainfall is even more extreme. The semiarid climatic region generally receives less than 800 millimetres (31.5 in) of rain, most of which generally falls in a period of three to five months of the year and occasionally less than this, creating long periods of drought. Brazil's 1877–78 Grande Seca (Great Drought), the most severe ever recorded in Brazil, caused approximately half a million deaths. The one from 1915 was devastating too.

South of Bahia, near São Paulo, the distribution of rainfall changes, with rain falling throughout the year . The south enjoys temperate conditions, with cool winters and average annual temperatures not exceeding 18 °C (64.4 °F); winter frosts are quite common, with occasional snowfall in the higher areas.

Taken from www.wikipedia.com

BRAZILIAN languages

The official language of Brazil is Portuguese,which almost all of the population speaks and is virtually the only language used in newspapers, radio, television, and for business and administrative purposes. The exception to this is in the municipality of São Gabriel da Cachoeira where Nheengatu, a currently endangered South American creole language with mostly Indigenous Brazilian languages lexicon and Portuguese-based grammar that once was a major lingua franca in Brazil, has been granted co-official status with Portuguese.Brazil is the only Portuguese-speaking nation in the Americas, making the language an important part of Brazilian national identity and giving it a national culture distinct from those of its Spanish-speaking neighbors.

Brazilian Portuguese has had its own development, influenced by the Amerindian and African languages.As a result, the language is somewhat different, mostly in phonology, from the language of Portugal and other Portuguese-speaking countries. These differences are comparable to those between American and British English.

In 2008, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP), which included representatives from all countries with Portuguese as the official language, reached an agreement on the reform of Portuguese into one international language, as opposed to two diverged dialects of the same language. All CPLP countries were given from 2009 until 2014 to adjust to the necessary changes.

Minority languages are spoken throughout the nation. One hundred and eighty Amerindian languages are spoken in remote areas and a number of other languages are spoken by immigrants and their descendants.There are significant communities of German (mostly the Hunsrückisch, a High German language dialect) and Italian (mostly the Talian dialect, of Venetian origin) speakers in the south of the country, both of which are influenced by the Portuguese language.Brazil is the first country in South America to offer Esperanto to High School students.

Taken from:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brazil#Language

BRAZILIAN culture

The culture of Brazil presents a very diverse nature reflecting an ethnic and cultural mixing occurred in the colonial period involving mostly Native Americans, Portuguese and Africans. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries Italian, German, Spanish, Arab and Japanese immigrants settled in Brazil and played an important role in its culture, creating a multicultural and multiethnic society.

As consequence of three centuries of colonization by the Portuguese empire, many aspects of Brazilian culture are derived from the culture of Portugal. The numerous Portuguese inheritances include the language, the predominant religion and the colonial architectural styles. These aspects, however, were strongly influenced by African and Native American traditions, as well as those from other Western European countries. Some aspects of Brazilian culture are contributions of Italian, German and other European immigrants.Amerindian peoples and Africans played a large role in the formation of Brazilian language, cuisine, music, dance and religion.

This diverse cultural background has helped boast many celebrations and festivals that have become known around the world, such as the Brazilian Carnival and the Bumba Meu Boi. The colorful culture creates an environment that makes Brazil a popular destination for many tourists each year.

Religion

The Basilica of the National Shrine of Our Lady of Aparecida is the second largest in the world, after only of the Basilica of Saint Peter in Vatican City.

Three in every four Brazilians are Roman Catholics. Catholicism was introduced and spread largely by the Portuguese Jesuits, who arrived in Brazil in 1549 during the colonization with the mission of converting the Indigenous people. The Society of Jesus played a large role in the formation of Brazilian religious identity until their expulsion of the country by the Marquis of Pombal in the 18th century.

In recent decades Brazilian society has witnessed a rise in Protestantism. Between 1940 and 2000, the percentage of Roman Catholics fell from 95% to 73,6%, while the various Protestant denominations rose from 2,6% to 15,4%.There are also significant minorities of Spiritists, Jews, Muslims, followers of Afro-Brazilian religions (such as Umbanda and Candomblé) and Buddhists.

Race and ancestry

The Brazilian people have several ethnic groups. First row: White (Portuguese, German, Italian and Arab, respectively) and Asian Brazilians. Second row : African, Pardo (Cafuzo, Mulatto and Caboclo, respectively) and Native (Indian) Brazilians.

Brazilwas a colony of Portugal for over three centuries. About a million Portuguese settlers arrived during this period and brought their culture to the colony. The native inhabitants of Brazil had much contact with the colonists. Many were exterminated, others mixed with the Portuguese. For that reason, Brazil also holds Amerindian influences in its culture, mainly in its food and language. Brazilian Portuguese has hundreds of words of Native American origin, mainly from the Old Tupi language.

Black Africans, who were brought as slaves to Brazil, also participated actively in the formation of Brazilian culture. Although the Portuguese colonists forced their slaves to convert to Catholicism and speak Portuguese their cultural influences were absorbed by the inhabitants of Brazil of all races and origins. Some regions of Brazil, especially Bahia, have particularly notable African inheritances in music, cuisine, dance and language.

Immigrants from Italy, Germany, Spain, Japan and the Middle East played an important role in the areas they settled (mostly Southern and Southeastern Brazil). They organized communities that became important cities such as Joinville and Caxias do Sul and brought important contributions to the culture of Brazil.

Carnival

The Brazilian Carnival is an annual festival held forty-six days before Easter. Carnival celebrations are believed to have roots in the pagan festival of Saturnalia, which, adapted to Christianity, became a farewell to bad things in a season of religious discipline to practice repentance and prepare for Christ's death and resurrection.

Carnival is the most famous holiday in Brazil and has become an event of huge proportions. The country stops completely for almost a week and festivities are intense, day and night, mainly in coastal cities.

The typical genres of music of Brazilian carnival are: samba-enredo and marchinha (in Rio de Janeiro and Southeast Region), frevo, maracatu and Axé music (in Pernambuco, Bahia and Northeast Region)

Visual arts

Painting and sculpture

The oldest known examples of Brazilian art are cave paintings in Serra da Capivara National Park in the state of Piauí, dating back to c. 13,000 BC. In Minas Gerais and Goiás have been found more recent examples showing geometric patterns and animal forms. One of the most sophisticated kinds of Pre-Columbian artifact found in Brazil is the sophisticated Marajoara pottery (c. 800–1400 AD), from cultures flourishing on Marajó Island and around the region of Santarém, and statuettes and cult objects, such as the small carved-stone amulets called muiraquitãs, also belong to these cultures. Many of the Jesuits worked in Brazil under the influence of the Baroque, the dominant style in Brazil until the early 19th century. The Baroque in Brazil flourished in Bahia and Pernambuco and Minas Gerais, generating valuable artists like Manuel da Costa Ataíde and especially the sculptor-architect Aleijadinho.

In 1816, the French Artistic Mission in Brazil created the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts and imposed a new concept of artistic education and was the basis for a revolution in Brazilian painting, sculpture, architecture, graphic arts, and crafts. A few decades later, under the personal patronage of Emperor Dom Pedro II, who was engaged in an ambitious national project of modernization, the Academy reached its golden age, fostering the emergence of the first generation of Romantic painters, whence Victor Meirelles and Pedro Américo, that, among others, produced lasting visual symbols of national identity. It must be said that in Brazil Romanticism in painting took a peculiar shape, not showing the overwhelming dramaticism, fantasy, violence, or interest in death and the bizarre commonly seen in the European version, and because of its academic and palatial nature all excesses were eschewed.

The beginning of the 20th century saw a struggle between old schools and modernist trends. Important modern artists Anita Malfatti and Tarsila do Amaral were both early pioneers in Brazilian art. Both participated of The Week of Modern Art festival, held in São Paulo in 1922, that renewed the artistic and cultural environment of the city and also presented artists such as Emiliano Di Cavalcanti, Vicente do Rego Monteiro, and Victor Brecheret. Based on Brazilian folklore, many artists have committed themselves to mix it with the proposals of the European Expressionism, Cubism, and Surrealism. From Surrealism, arises Ismael Nery, concerned with metaphysical subjects where their pictures appear on imaginary scenarios and averse to any recognizable reference.[53] In the next generation, the modernist ideas of the Week of Modern Art have affected a moderate modernism that could enjoy the freedom of the strict academic agenda, with more features conventional method, best exemplified by the artist Candido Portinari, which was the official artist of the government in mid-century.In recent years, names such as Oscar Araripe, Beatriz Milhazes and Romero Britto have been well acclaimed.

Architecture

Brazilian architecture in the colonial period was heavily influenced by the Portuguese Manueline style, albeit adapted for the tropical climate. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, the city of Ouro Preto in the state of Minas Gerais contains numerous well-preserved examples of this style by artists such as Aleijadinho.

In later centuries, Brazilian architects were increasingly influenced by schools from other countries such as France and the United States, eventually developing a style of their own that has become known around the world. Artists such as Oscar Niemeyer have received much acclaim, with the Brazilian capital Brasília being the most notable example of modern Brazilian architecture.

In recent decades, Brazilian landscape architecture has also attracted some attention, particularly in the person of Roberto Burle Marx. Some of this notable works are the Copacabana promenade in Rio de Janeiro and the Ibirapuera Park in São Paulo.

Literature

Machado de Assis, poet and novelist whose work extends for almost all literary genre, is widely regarded as the greatest Brazilian writer.

Literature in Brazil dates back to the 16th century, to the writings of the first Portuguese explorers in Brazil, such as Pêro Vaz de Caminha, filled with descriptions of fauna, flora and natives that amazed Europeans that arrived in Brazil. When Brazil became a colony of Portugal, there was the "Jesuit Literature", whose main name was father António Vieira, a Portuguese Jesuit who became one of the most celebrated Baroque writers of the Portuguese language. A few more explicitly literary examples survive from this period, José Basílio da Gama's epic poem celebrating the conquest of the Missions by the Portuguese, and the work of Gregório de Matos Guerra, who produced a sizable amount of satirical, religious, and secular poetry. Neoclassicism was widespread in Brazil during the mid-18th century, following the Italian style.

Brazil produced significant works in Romanticism – novelists like Joaquim Manuel de Macedo and José de Alencar wrote novels about love and pain. Alencar, in his long career, also treated Indigenous people as heroes in the Indigenist novels O Guarany, Iracema, Ubirajara. The French Mal du siècle was also introduced in Brazil by the likes of Alvares de Azevedo, whose Lira dos Vinte Anos and Noite na Taverna are national symbols of the Ultra-romanticism. Gonçalves Dias, considered one of the national poets, sang the Brazilian people and the Brazilian land on the famous Song of the Exile (1843), known to every Brazilian schoolchild. Also dates from this period, although his work has hatched in Realism, Machado de Assis, whose works include Helena, Memórias Póstumas de Brás Cubas, O alienista, Dom Casmurro, and who is widely regarded as the most important writer of Brazilian literature. Assis is also highly respected around the world.

Monteiro Lobato, of the Pré-Modernism (literary moviment essentially Brazilian), wrote mainly for children, often bringing Greek mythology and didacticism with Brazilian folklore, as we see in his short stories about Saci Pererê. Some authors of this time, like Lima Barreto and Simões Lopes Neto and Olavo Bilac, already show a distinctly modern character; Augusto dos Anjos, whose works combine Symbolistic, Parnasian and even pre-modernist elements has a "paralytic language". Mário de Andrade and Oswald de Andrade, from Modernism, combined nationalist tendencies with an interest in European modernism and created the Modern Art Week of 1922. João Cabral de Melo Neto and Carlos Drummond de Andrade are placed among the greatest Brazilian poets; the first, post-modernist, concerned with the aesthetics and created a concise and elliptical and lean poetic, against sentimentality; Drummond, in turn, was a supporter of "anti-poetic" where the language was born with the poem. In Post-Modernism, João Guimarães Rosa wrote the novel Grande Sertão: Veredas, about Sertão, with a highly original style and almost a grammar of his own, while Clarice Lispector wrote with an introspective and psychological probing of her characters. Nowadays, Nelson Rodrigues, Rubem Fonseca and Sérgio Sant'Anna, next to Nélida Piñon and Lygia Fagundes Telles, both members of Academia Brasileira de Letras, are important authors who write about contemporary issues sometimes with erotic or political tones. Ferreira Gullar and Manoel de Barros are two highly admired poets and the former has also been nominated for the Nobel Prize.

Cinema and Theatre

The Cinema has a long tradition in Brazil, reaching back to the birth of the medium in the late 19th century, and gained a new level of international acclaim in recent years. Bus 174 (2002), by José Padilha, about a bus hijacking, is the highest rated foreign film at Rotten Tomatoes. O Pagador de Promessas (1962), directed by Anselmo Duarte, won the Palme d'Or at the 1962 Cannes Film Festival, the only Brazilian film to date to win the award. Fernando Meirelles' City of God (2002), is the highest rated Brazilian film on the IMDb Top 250 list and was selected by Time magazine as one of the 100 best films of all-time in 2005. The highest-grossing film in Brazilian cinema, taking 12 million viewers to cinemas, is Dona Flor and Her Two Husbands (1976), directed by Bruno Barreto and basead on the novel of the same name by Jorge Amado. Acclaimed Brazilian filmmakers include Glauber Rocha, Fernando Meirelles, José Padilha, Anselmo Duarte, Walter Salles, Eduardo Coutinho and Alberto Cavalcanti.

Theatre was introduced by the Jesuits during the colonization, particularly by Father José de Anchieta, but did not attract much interest until the transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil in 1808. Over the course of the 18th century, theatre evolved alongside the blossoming literature traditions with names such as Martins Pena and Gonçalves Dias. Pena introduced the comedy of manners, which would become a distinct mark of Brazilian theatre over the next decades.

Theatre was not included in the 1922 Modern Art Week of São Paulo, which marked the beginning of Brazilian Modernism. Instead, in the following decade, Oswald de Andrade wrote O Rei da Vela, which would become the manifesto of the Tropicalismo movement in the 1960s, a time where many playwrights used theatre as a means of opposing the Brazilian military government such as Gianfrancesco Guarnieri, Augusto Boal, Dias Gomes, Oduvaldo Vianna Filho and Plínio Marcos. With the return of democracy and the end of censorship in the 1980s, theatre would again grow in themes and styles. Contemporary names include Gerald Thomas, Ulysses Cruz, Aderbal Freire-Filho, Eduardo Tolentinho de Araújo, Cacá Rosset, Gabriel Villela, Márcio Vianna, Moacyr Góes and Antônio Araújo.

Taken from www.wikipedia.org

BRAZILIAN people

The population of Brazil, as recorded by the 2008 PNAD, was approximately 190 million[232] (22.31 inhabitants per square kilometer), with a ratio of men to women of 0.95:1[233] and 83.75% of the population defined as urban.[234] The population is heavily concentrated in the Southeastern (79.8 million inhabitants) and Northeastern (53.5 million inhabitants) regions, while the two most extensive regions, the Center-West and the North, which together make up 64.12% of the Brazilian territory, have a total of only 29.1 million inhabitants.

Brazil's population increased significantly between 1940 and 1970, due to a decline in the mortality rate, even though the birth rate underwent a slight decline. In the 1940s the annual population growth rate was 2.4%, rising to 3.0% in the 1950s and remaining at 2.9% in the 1960s, as life expectancy rose from 44 to 54 years[235] and to 72.6 years in 2007.[236] It has been steadily falling since the 1960s, from 3.04% per year between 1950–1960 to 1.05% in 2008 and is expected to fall to a negative value of –0.29% by 2050 [237] thus completing the demographic transition.[238]

According to the National Research by Household Sample (PNAD) of 2008, 48.43% of the population (about 92 million) described themselves as White; 43.80% (about 83 million) as Brown (Multiracial), 6.84% (about 13 million) as Black; 0.58% (about 1.1 million) as Asian; and 0.28% (about 536 thousand) as Amerindian, while 0.07% (about 130 thousand) did not declare their race.[1]

In 2007, the National Indian Foundation reported the existence of 67 different uncontacted tribes, up from 40 in 2005. Brazil is believed to have the largest number of uncontacted peoples in the world.[239]

About 85% to 95% of Brazilians descend from the country's indigenous peoples, Portuguese settlers, and African slaves.[240] Since the arrival of the Portuguese in 1500, considerable intermarriage between these three groups has taken place. The brown population (as multiracial Brazilians are officially called; pardo in Portuguese, also colloquially moreno, or swarthy)[241][242] is a broad category that includes Caboclos (descendants of Whites and Indians), Mulattoes (descendants of Whites and Blacks) and Cafuzos (descendants of Blacks and Indians).[240][241][242][243][244][245] Caboclos form the majority of the population in the Northern, Northeastern and Central-Western regions.[246] A large Mulatto population can be found in the eastern coast of the northeastern region from Bahia to Paraíba[245][247] and also in northern Maranhão,[248][249] southern Minas Gerais[250] and in eastern Rio de Janeiro.[245][250] From the 19th century, Brazil opened its borders to immigration. About five million people from over 60 countries migrated to Brazil between 1808 and 1972, most of them from Portugal, Italy, Spain, Germany, Japan and the Middle-East.[251]

In 2008, the illiteracy rate was 11.48%[252] and among the youth (ages 15–19) 1.74%. It was highest (20.30%) in the Northeast, which had a large proportion of rural poor.[253] Illiteracy was high (24.18%) among the rural population and lower (9.05%) among the urban population.[254

Taken From:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brazil#Demographics

BRAZILIAN food

Each region of Brazil boasts its own style of cuisine. Each region's cuisine has been heavily influenced by the diverse history of origins, which came from both the immigrants and the indigenous people of the country.

Brazil Food - Northern Brazil

The Northern region of Brazil includes Tocantins, Rondonia, Acre, Amapa, Roraima, Para, and Amazonas. The people who live here are a mix of Portuguese and Indian.

You will find foods like manioc, a root vegetable, peanuts, fish, peanuts, and tropical fruits eaten in this region.

When I visited Amazonas and traveled through Rio Branco and Boca do Acre, the meals we found at resterants were rice, beans, manioc flour and red meat, sometimes with a lettuce leaf or tomato.

Brazil Popular Foods in Northern Brazil:

  • Vatapá- a spicy, delicious mixture of bread, shrimp, red pepper, ginger, peanuts, coconut milk, palm oil and onions.
  • Tacacá- a popular soup made from jambú, a type of paracress (Brazilian herb), dried shrimp, yellow pepper and tucupi, a broth made of manioc root.
  • Maniçoba- a dish made with the leaves of the manioc plant that is often eaten during religious festivals. Leaves are ground to a pulp and then boiled for a week, and added to dried, salted or smoked meats and served with rice and farinha or cassava meal, which is also known as manioc root or macaxeira.
  • Pato no Tucupor Duck in Tucupi Stew, a stew made of duck boiled in manioc root broth.
  • Caruru is a Brazilian condiment that is made with okra, onions and shrimp, palm oil, and toasted cashews or peanuts. It is frequently enjoyed with acarajé, which is deep fried black eyed peas.

Brazil Food - Southern Brazil

This region includes Santa Catarina, Parana, and Rio Grande do Sul. People of Italian and German descent who immigrated to Brazil inhabit the South of Brazil. They brought the knowledge of how to make wine and grow leafy vegetables with them and those foods are found in this region's dishes.

Popular dishes:Brazil Popular Foods in Southern Brazil:

  • Arroz Carreteiro- the literal translationis "Rice Wagoner" or "Cart Riders", and it is a mixture of meat, rice, tomato, onions and spices.
  • Barreado- is a very popular meat stew that is simmered with spices for up to 18 hours and then served with rice, mandioca flour and fried bananas.The stew is mixed with generous amounds of the mandioca flour and broth, and then eaten with the rice. This mixture doesn't look very appetizing and so visitors to Brazil sometimes eat the meal without the customary "pre-mixing"!
  • Lasagna and other pasta dishes

Brazil Food - Northeast Brazil

The Northeast region of Brazil includes Sergipe, Alagoas, Piaui, Maranhao, Ceara, Pernambuco, Bahia, Paraiba, and Rio Grande do Norte. Popular dishes here are heavily influenced by the origins of Amerindian, African, and Portuguese cuisine.

Popular dishes:

  • Moqueca- literally translated means "stew" and is a seafood stew that has been made in Brazil for over 300 years now. It contains fish, garlic and onions, olive oil, cilantro, tomato, peppers, and is cooked slowly without added liquids.Variations of this stew are made in different regions of Brazil. Some use coconut milk, crab or shrimp, and palm oil instead of olive oil. It is generally served with rice.
  • Acarajé is made from black eyed peas that are rolled into a ball and fried, and stuffed with condiments, salads and sauces. Some fillings contain shrimp, some are vegetarian. This dish is a populra street food in Brazil, and is also eaten in Nigeria for breakfast with corn or millet gruel.
  • Vatapá- This mixture of bread, coconut milk, shrimp or other white meat, peanuts, shrimp and palm oil is enjoyed in other regions of brazil as well. In the Northeast it is enjoyed with acarajé.

Staple foods are ones grown or found locally and might include tropical fruit such as mango, guava, passion fruit, papaya, orange, and pineapple. Other popular ingredients for all kinds of dishes are okra, black beans, white rice, coconut, seafoodand shellfish.

Brazil Food - Southeast Brazil

This region of Brazil includes the states of São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, and Rio de Janeiro. Within this region, there are specific dishes a few of the states are known for serving.

Minas Gerais

  • Frango com quiabo- chicken with okra
  • Frango, milho, carne de porco- These are some basic staple foods: chicken, corn, and pork
  • Queijo- cheese!
  • Feijão preto, feijão marrom- Black beans and brown beans
  • Farofa- lightly toasted manioc flour
  • Banana frita- Fried bananas

Rio de Janeiro

  • Feijão preto- Black beans

Sao Paulo

São Paolo is the largest city in Brazil and it is the most "westernized" in its culture. When I was there, it was a unique experience that felt a little like being in the United states except with the rich and vibrant culture of Brazil. The population is quite diverse and their food choices also reflect this.

  • Rejadinho- brown beans, also known as feijão arrom
  • Arroz e Feijão- Rice and beans
  • Virado a Paulista- sautéed collard greens, rice, bean paste, manioc flour, and pork chops
  • Pizza
  • Pasta
  • Sushi

Espirito Santo

  • Moqueca Capixabais a variation of Moqueca which uses olive oil instead of palm oil, and does not use coconut milk. The stew contains onions, cilantrol, chives and tomoatoes. In this version a pigment called urucum is added to the stew and it is cooked in a clay pan.

The stew can be made with fish or other seafood like lobsters, shrimp or crabs. Some versions use raw bananas.

Brazil Food - Popular Desserts

Brazilians love their sweets! Some of the most popular desserts in Brazil:

  • Bolos- cake with fillings of many flavors
  • Pe de moleque- main ingredients are peanuts and molasses
  • Quindim- dessert made with butter, egg yolks, coconut, and sugar
  • Bejinho- small candy dessert
  • Brigadeiro- chocolate dessert similar to truffles
  • Cuscus branco- coconut milk, tapioca, and sugar

Brazil Food - Recipe for Brazil's National Dish

This recipe for Feijoada is based on one we found here at http://www.foodbycountry.com/Algeria-to-France/Brazil.html

Ingredients

  • Raw bacon - 3 strips
  • Onions - 2 small to medium size
  • Garlic - 3 cloves or you can substitute 1 teaspoon garlic powder
  • Smoked sausage - 1 pound
  • Boneless beef - 1 pound
  • Stewed tomatoes with juice - 14 ounce can
  • Hot water- 1 cup
  • Yellow mustard - 1 Tablespoon
  • Canned black beans with juice - 4 cups
  • Salt and pepper to taste

Make the stew:

  1. Cut the raw bacon strips into large pieces and fry them at medium-high heat setting in a large pot for about 3 minutes. Don't let them stick to the bottom of the pot.
  2. Reduce the heat setting to medium.
  3. Dice the onions, peel and chop the garlic, and add both ingredients to the pot with the bacon. Cook until the onions become soft, which is about 3 minutes.
  4. Cut the beef and sausage into bite-size pieces and add them to the pot.
  5. The meat should be cooked until all sides of the meat are browned.
  6. Add the stewed tomatoes and juice, water, mustard, and salt and pepper to your desired taste.
  7. Turn the temperature setting down to simmer and cover the pot.
  8. Cook the entire stew for about 45 minutes. Stir it often to meld the flavors.
  9. Add water if the consistency is too thick for you. Don't add more than 1/4 cup of water at a time.
  10. After the stew has cooked for 45 minutes, add the black beans and juice and stir.
  11. Return the cover to the pot and cook for another 10 minutes.

This hearty Brazil food recipe serves 10-12 people.

From www.celebratebrazil.com/brazil-food.html

Places to go in BRAZIL

 

 

 

 

Doing business in BRAZIL

Brazil is the largest national economy in Latin America, the world's sixth largest economy at market exchange rates and the seventh largest in purchasing power parity (PPP), according to the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. Brazil has a mixed economy with abundant natural resources. The Brazilian economy has been predicted to become one of the five largest in the world in the decades to come, the GDP per capita following and growing.[167] Its current GDP (PPP) per capita is $10,200, putting Brazil in the 64th position according to World Bank data. It has large and developed agricultural, mining, manufacturing and service sectors, as well as a large labor pool.[168]

Brazilian exports are booming, creating a new generation of tycoons.[171] Major export products include aircraft, electrical equipment, automobiles, ethanol, textiles, footwear, iron ore, steel, coffee, orange juice, soybeans and corned beef.[172] The country has been expanding its presence in international financial and commodities markets, and is one of a group of four emerging economies called the BRIC countries.[173] As a sign of its economic progress, Brazil has now the fourth largest car market in the world.[174]

Brazilpegged its currency, the real, to the U.S. dollar in 1994. However, after the East Asian financial crisis, the Russian default in 1998[175] and the series of adverse financial events that followed it, the Central Bank of Brazil temporarily changed its monetary policy to a managed-float scheme while undergoing a currency crisis, until definitively changing the exchange regime to free-float in January 1999.[176]

Brazilreceived an International Monetary Fund rescue package in mid-2002 of $30.4 billion,[177] then a record sum. Brazil's central bank paid back the IMF loan in 2005, although it was not due to be repaid until 2006.[178] One of the issues the Central Bank of Brazil recently dealt with was an excess of speculative short-term capital inflows to the country, which may have contributed to a fall in the value of the U.S. dollar against the real during that period.[179] Nonetheless, foreign direct investment (FDI), related to long-term, less speculative investment in production, is estimated to be $193.8 billion for 2007.[180] Inflation monitoring and control currently plays a major part in the Central bank's role of setting out short-term interest rates as a monetary policy measure.[181]

Between 1993 and 2010, 7012 mergers & acquisitions with a total known value of $707 billion with the involvement of Brazlian firms have been announced.[182] The year 2010 was a new record in terms of value with 115 billion USD of transactions. The largest transaction with involvement of Brazilian companies has been: Cia Vale do Rio Doce acquired Inco in a tender offer valued at $18.9 billion USD.

The purchasing power in Brazil is eroded by the so-called Brazil cost.[183]

Taken from wikipedia

BRAZIL : useful links

http://www.braziltour.com/

http://www.brazil.org.uk/

http://www.tam.com.br

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/country_profiles/1227110.stm

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